Reformation copy 1

Reformation copy 1 - The Reformation The Problems of Sin...

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The Reformation The Problems of Sin and Salvation in the 16th Century
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The Reformation Humans as sinful but redeemable Central Christian doctrine Major spiritual function of the Church
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The Reformation Redemption: Obligations of Individuals 1. Faith » Unquestioning belief in God » Acceptance of the will of God
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The Reformation Redemption: Obligations of Individuals 2. Works » Acts that display reverence for God » Acts that require sacrifices for the good of others
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The Reformation Redemption: Obligations of Individuals Forgiveness of sins = contrition + penance But individual effort is not enough
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The Reformation Redemption: The Function of the Church Mediator between God and humans Ordained clergy (priests) relay grace to individuals Grace : God’s favor Power to remove sin
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The Reformation Redemption: The Function of the Church Non-ordained individuals have no direct access to grace Institutional Church necessary for salvation
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The Reformation Redemption: The Function of the Church The Sacraments Rituals that convey grace » Baptism » Eucharist (Communion/Lord’s Supper) » Also, Marriage, Holy Orders, Confession,etc.
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The Reformation The Church and Scripture (The Bible) Ordained clergy control access to Scripture Pope final judge of Scripture’s meaning Non-ordained individuals have no right to interpret Scripture
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The Reformation The Church in the 14th and 15th Centuries Serious Problems “Babylonian Captivity” Great Schism
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The Reformation The Church in the 14th and 15th Centuries Anticlericalism Resentment of clerical privileges Dismay over Church’s worldliness
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The Reformation The Church in the 14th and 15th Centuries Church corruption » Nepotism » Simony » Pluralism » Excessive use of indulgences
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course HIST 1026 at Virginia Tech.

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Reformation copy 1 - The Reformation The Problems of Sin...

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