Example+Exam+2 - Example Exam,_#2 Questions CE 22601.4...

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Unformatted text preview: Example Exam,_#2 Questions CE 22601.4 " 31 i’ ~V - v Short Answer " t ' r i Define or describe a streakline. _ j j; ' Define steady flow. ’ ‘ ~ ‘ k _ V' "1”" Define streamline. , g “ Define uniform flow. it i L " For steady flow, there can never be any Give a verbal description of the following LS [5‘7 0 (ll—X . ‘ ’ In the Reynolds transport theorem, is DBIDt a Lagrangian of anEulerian term? Is a control volume a Lagrangian or an Eulerian volume? (Number the separate parts of your answer.) The conditions necessary for Bernoulli's equation to be applicable are . A device which can be used to measure flow velocity by measuring the difference between the stagnation pressure and the ambient pressure '3 called a . A piezometer in a pipe wall measures the pienometric head. The distance from the datum to the liquid level in a stagnation tube in the flow in a pipe measures the head. In a rotating fluid (for example, a rotating We), the direction of the acceleration is toward __ . In a rotating fluid, the pressure in flaepositive r direction when 2 is held constant. Give a verbal description of the following team ICSpW 0 (1A . When using a moving coordinate system forthe momentum equation, the coordinate system can have a non-zero velocity but its nmst be zero‘ Write a mathematical expression which can be used to calculate the momentum flux for flow in a pipe when the velocity distribution is essentially uniform. acceleration. ' Problem 3 (20%) — There is a steady flow ol‘air in tho‘pipe as shovm. The temperature is the same at all points in the flow and is equal to 70°F. No other simplifying assumptions fltonld be made. Calculate the flow velocity; at cross: §e§tign g. Prg E2ng 2 (20%) - Flow of an nicompressibleflm'd is taking place in a tapered section, as shown by theveloeity vectors in the sketch. The flow is 5 ft wide perpetflienlar to the paper. Along the line AB, the magnitude of the velocity is constant and equal to 3 fps. The directiOn of the velocity is givenby8= Thy/8, whereylsinftand Gtsmredians. For example, y {to ’atrad) 9° 2 “I4 45 1 ‘u/S 22.5 D D 0 F‘ -1 «:18 -22.5 -2 vie/4 ~45 alwla l1 _ ' a s urfa Note: This problem needs to be solved usingradians, not degrees, for the angles. The values of e in degrees are given just to help visualize the problem. RememberISO‘ = 1: radians. ’ GIFH image 698x421 pixels For the circular pipe expansion shown, one dimensional flow "/"i conditions en'st. The velo‘cityin the expansion is given by memo -0.1x2) ' m whereVisinm/s.tisinsegandxisinm.W ' ggg' glggafign §1g=2gggn§ x=1m x l 2m ( Emblem “10%) — Water is flowing in a'circular are with a radius of 5 ff in a 6-in. square duct. The inside radinsof the duct is 4 ft 9 in. and the outside radius is 5 RS in. The flow is in a harlzontal plane. The flow velocity is constant across the width of the ductand along the length of the duct. For .V = 10 ‘95 this situation, :11 ul “ dif ‘ «11' ' n t i f the dug: are m: imidg (Le, calculate p0 -p§). - ‘ m = m 9,051”- / —— 1., A jet of oil with a specific gmfity of 0.9 is discharging vertically upward into the ,n\ atmosphere. fi'he flow is steady and is coming froma 6 in. pipe through a nozzle with a 2 in. diameter. The velocity at the nozzle exit is 30 fps. mam: ximum h i h whf h 1': ‘ll ri . Neglect the effects of resistance in the air and the effects of the oil falling back down ground {he jet. 2; = B. 78- Ff 21a. jet ' V - 30 1p: «1‘25 71. ,- I 8 In. pi. 40 Problem 5 (15%) - The pipe junction shown is in a ft @ D = 1 ft horizontal plane so weights do not need to be considered. All three pipes are continuous beyond the_ part of the junction shown. The junction is well streamlined so head losses are negligible. Water is ' ‘ flowing. Calculate the x) compone_nt of the force needed “'"' 3‘ 3-459 ‘ v — ass to support Q’s '1 unction. Show the direction ofthe y .. ,A- u rt force with an arrow next 0 our . / l 11 _ : . » :4 II mu n n “<DFU of] 10/1438 12:39? ...
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Example+Exam+2 - Example Exam,_#2 Questions CE 22601.4...

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