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Art Definitions

Art Definitions - Neolithic Art A period of ancient art...

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Neolithic Art- A period of ancient art after the introduction of agriculture but before the inventions of bronze. Neolithic means “new stone age”. Paleolithic Art- A very ancient period of art coincident with the old stone age, before the discovery of agriculture and animal herding. Representational Art- Art in which it is the artist’s intention to present again or represent a particular subject; especially pertaining to realistic portrayal of subject matter. Abstract Art- Art that departs significantly from natural appearances. Forms are modified or changed to varying degrees in order to emphasize certain qualities or content. Recongnizable references to original appearances may be very slight. The term is also used to describe art that is nonrepresentational. Nonrepresentational- Art without reference to anything outside itself-without representation. Also called “nonobjective” without recognizable objects. Byzantine Art- Styles of painting, design, and architecture developed from the 5 th century C.E. in the Byzantine Empire of ancient Eastern Europe. Characterized in architecture by round arches, large domes, and extensive use of mosaic; characterized in painting by formal design, frontal and stylized figures, and rich use of color, especially gold, in generally religious subject manner. Folk Art- Art of people who have had no formal, academic training, but whose works are part of an established tradition of style and craftsmanship. (Shakers and Amish) Renaissance- Period in Europe from the late fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries, which was characterized by a renewed interest in human-centered classical art, literature, and learning. Baroque- The seventeenth-century period in Europe characterized in the visual arts by dramatic light and shade, turbulent composition, and exaggerated emotional expression. Surrealism- A movement in literature and visual arts that developed in the mid-1920’s and remained strong until the mid-1940s; grew out of Dada and automatism. Based upon revealing the unconscious
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