comd notes 1

comd notes 1 - Chapter 10 Semantics The Study of Language...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 10 Semantics The Study of Language • Conceptual meaning • Essential components of meaning; literal or dictionary meaning; denotational meaning • Needle: sharp, thin, steel The Study of Language • Associative meaning: • Associative connotations related to a word. • ‘Pain and blood’ for needle • Associative meaning is used in poetry and prose. (Rose as the symbol of beauty) The Study of Language • Lexical relations: • Synonymy, Antonymy,Hyponymy, Prototypes, Homophones and homonyms, Polysemy, Metanymy, Collocation Lexical Relations • Synonymy: two or more words have very similar semantic features. • Antonymy: two or more words have opposite semantic features. The Study of Language • Hyponymy: one word is included in anther • Prototype: the most characteristic instance of a category. It is based on people’s experience so it is culture bound. The Study of Language • Homophones: two words have the same pronunciation but different meanings. • Homonyms: one word has two or more unrelated meanings . Identifying homophones 1. [ste ] ə 1. Stair, stare 1. Stair, stare 1....
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comd notes 1 - Chapter 10 Semantics The Study of Language...

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