sociology

sociology - Lecture 1 *make the familiar strange put...

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Lecture 1 *make the familiar strange – put yourself in someone else’s shoes What is sociology? Sociology is the scientific study of human society “The function of sociology, as of every science, is to reveal that which is hidden – Pierre Bourdieu Auguste Comte Coined the term sociology Religious authority declined during Industrial Revolution (ev’ryone was moving to cities) Established a science to uncover the dynamics of science Social institutions A group of social positions that are connected by social relations that performs a social role(fam) We change social institutions daily through ordinary interactions (divorce rates go up, ppl don’t have as many kids Religon Social Identity How individuals view themselves in religion to groups which they do not belong We all contribute to each other’s social identity C. Wright Mills Wrote The Sociological Imagination Connections b/w biography and history Private troubles and public issues (distinguishes the two) Using your sociological imagination Make the familiar strange It’s the little differences – can give you “clues” of what may exist underneath Three Major Social Theories 1. Structural functionalism - Durkheim 2. Conflict theory - Marx 3. Symbolic interactionism – Weber Emile Durkheim: Wrote study, Suicide Wrote, Elementary Forms of Religious Life Building blocks of religion Structural Functionalism Society – living organism Social institutions like vital organs (needs education, religion, etc.) if one breaks down so does the other
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Emphasizes role of agreement (consensus) in maintaining order in society Functionalist view of the world Karl Marx Humanity unique for its ability to create Wrote Communist Manifesto Owners have most power in society Social inequality – unequal access to resources Conflict Therory Social inequality results from power struggle between groups Rich are only on top because of the people on bottom Max Weber Wrote The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism Protestant work ethic created capitalism Vertehen and understand people’s lives Symbolic Interactionism People act based on symbolic meanings they attach to objects and people Perspective of theories Macrosociology – big picture Structural functionalism Conflict theory Microsociology – smaller level (individual) Symbolic interaction Structural functionalism and crime Provides jobs Conflict theory and crime Steal to get desires Symbolic interactionism and crimes Seeing them in the media Chapter 3 Culture and media Do mass media create culture or merely reflect it? Culture simultaneously reflects and creates the world we live in Culture
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Basically defined as a set of beliefs, traditions, and practives Referred to many different things Total of the social categories and concepts we embrace in addition to our beliefs, practices, and surroundings: that which is not our natural environment Culture = human nature From the latin verb “colere” – to cultivate or till the soil Agriculture and aquaculture – growing fish and other aquatic organisms for human
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Fall '07 term at LSU.

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sociology - Lecture 1 *make the familiar strange put...

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