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Unformatted text preview: poorhouses, insane asylums, etc. 2. Evangelical religion and reform movements -- e.g. temperance movement. F. PoliticsWhig/Republicans=modernizers, social control Democrats=states rights, small govt., cultural pluralism II. NORTH (MID) WEST A. Pioneering era 1810s-1830s B. Rapid growth, beginnings of cities; commercial agriculture C. Pattern of Settlement 1. Southerners 2. New Englanders 3. European Immigrants -- mostly German & Scandinavian D. Land Policy as political Issue 1. Squatters vs. speculators 2. Evolution of policy from Cheap to Free (Homestead Act 1862) E. Development of ties to Northeast 1. Transportation: River steamers (to South) to RRs (to East) 2. Changing views on land policy: N.E. originally opposes cheap land; fear of labor drain. Immigration = labor surplus, now happy workers to leave. South favors at first, then opposes: fear of expansion of small farms displacing slavery F. Race: exclusion of not only slavery but any black people....
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