NE&NW.out - poorhouses, insane asylums, etc. 2....

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NORTHEAST AND NORTH (MID) WEST I. Northeast A. “Modernization" 1. Expansion of commerce (internal and external trade) 2. Commercial agriculture 3. "Transportation revolution" and infrastructure. B. Impact and consequences 1. Beginnings of Industry -- consumer goods (esp. cotton textiles); shipbuilding, locomotive manufacturing, etc. etc. 2. Jobs! 3. Urban growth and problems: crime, vice, poverty, disease, fires. 4. Migration-- country to city, Immigrants from abroad 5. Impact on families: in New England, farm daughters to textile mills; throughout, farm sons to city for jobs. The lone young man or woman in the urban wilderness. 6. Development of mass culture -- printing innovations, newspapers, popular entertainment (minstrel shows); politics as entertainment, importance of transportation. C. Social Classes and Mobility: rags to riches? Really rags to respectability D. Race -- mostly a Jim Crow society E. Response to consequences 1. Urban institutions: prisons, police, hospitals, public schools,
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Unformatted text preview: poorhouses, insane asylums, etc. 2. Evangelical religion and reform movements -- e.g. temperance movement. F. PoliticsWhig/Republicans=modernizers, social control Democrats=states rights, small govt., cultural pluralism II. NORTH (MID) WEST A. Pioneering era 1810s-1830s B. Rapid growth, beginnings of cities; commercial agriculture C. Pattern of Settlement 1. Southerners 2. New Englanders 3. European Immigrants -- mostly German & Scandinavian D. Land Policy as political Issue 1. Squatters vs. speculators 2. Evolution of policy from Cheap to Free (Homestead Act 1862) E. Development of ties to Northeast 1. Transportation: River steamers (to South) to RRs (to East) 2. Changing views on land policy: N.E. originally opposes cheap land; fear of labor drain. Immigration = labor surplus, now happy workers to leave. South favors at first, then opposes: fear of expansion of small farms displacing slavery F. Race: exclusion of not only slavery but any black people....
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course HIS 265 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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NE&NW.out - poorhouses, insane asylums, etc. 2....

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