HIS 265Chron - SUNY AT STONY BROOK DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY...

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SUNY AT STONY BROOK DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY History 265 THE CRISIS OF THE UNION: POLITICAL CHRONOLOGY 1846-48 War with Mexico 1846 Wilmot Proviso: proposal of Rep. David Wilmot (D. Pa) to outlaw slavery in all new territories acquired as result of Mexican War: Slavery extension controversy. 1846 Calhoun Resolutions: defense of Southern position on slavery by Sen. J.C. Calhoun (D, S.C.): insistence on federal protection of slavery; attack on Northern "aggression"; invocation of the states’ rights theory of Constitution. 1846 Oregon Bill debates continue slavery extension controversy. 1848 Presidential Campaign: New Free Soil Party (pro- Wilmot Proviso) wins enough votes to split Democrats and give victory to Whig Zachary Taylor. 1849 Problem of status of slavery in territories delays action on territorial organization and statehood for California and New Mexico. 1850 COMPROMISE of 1850: series of measures to settle conflict over slavery in the territories and reconcile the North and South. Provisions: 1. Admission of California as a free state 2. Organization of New Mexico and Utah Territories with slavery question to be decided by citizens of the territories when they apply for statehood ("popular sovereignty"). 3.
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HIS 265Chron - SUNY AT STONY BROOK DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY...

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