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Romanticera - Romantic era...

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Romantic era : Produced many more composers whose names and music are still familiar and  popular today: Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Schumann, Schubert, Chopin, and Wagner.  Rise of Romantic Ballet-  system of dance based on formalized movements and positions of the arms, feet, and body designed to enable the dancer to move with the greatest possible agility, control, speed, lightness, and grace. Classical ballet, with origins in the 17th-century French Court ballet, came to fruition at the Russian Imperial School of Ballet, directed in the 19th century by Marius Peptipa and in the works of the Italian choreographic masters Carlo Blasis. Jean Jacques Rousseau : Confessions book. The idea of I am unique was a new idea. Industrial Revolution : Trains come into use. Rise of individual not monarchy or religion. Greater freedom but uncertainty. simpler clothing. Brought about partnering. Certain part of equality during this time. Middle class : Rose after industrial rev. Gas-lighting and Curtain : Replaced candles and allowed for curtain. Could lower house lights. Allows supernatural lighting and pink tights start. Greater separation b/w audience and stage. Curtain: Would close to separate audience. Creates greater sense of fantasy Dr. Louis Vernon 1830: In charge of Paris opera after it closed briefly Established the Jockey club. Lowered Ballerina wages. Only four years Paris opera ever made money. Rents it out for commercial use, emphasizes the star system, slashes salary of ballerinas and makes a place for the jockey clubs to meet ballerinas and become mistresses for $ (whore house) Jockey club : Rich men who came to have dancers as their mistresses. Vernons friends. Horses and fencing. Didn't want to see men. Actually met at Foyer de la Dans Foyer de la Danse : Special place created for Jockey club members to come talk to Ballerinas. Vernons friends. Turned dancers to mistresses. Contemporary notion of women on stage out of this cus then didn't want to see men. Robert le Diable, 1831 : an opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer, often regarded as the first grand opera. The libretto was written by Eug ne Scribe and Casimir Delavigne. The dramatic music, harmony and orchestration of Robert, its melodramatic plot, and its
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sensational stage effects (especially the ballet of the nuns). Containing one scene of romantic ballet, beginning of romantic ballet ~choreographed by Fillipo Taglioni ~starring Marie Taglioni. Ballet scene of lapsed nuns that come back from grave La Sylphide, 1832 : 1st romantic ballet. Choreographed by? James is lord or manor only one who can see sylph. James- young Scottish peasant who's engaged to Effie, but abandons her to follow the sylph. The Sylph - a fairy of the air who's in love with James. Gurn - rival to James who loves Effie. Effie - James's fiance who ends up marrying Gurn. Old Madge - the village sorceress who gives James the
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