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Unformatted text preview: 7######################## ## ###### ########################## ## ## ## ## #### #### #### #### #### #### #### #:## ##.## G#### G#\# # #### #### # ## #### #### #### ### ######################################################################Chapter 10Molecular Biology of the GeneTeaching ObjectivesIntroduction: Explain how a herpesvirus invades a cell and forces the cell to reproduce the virus.The Structure of the Genetic Material 10.1 Describe the experiments of Griffith, Avery, and Hershey and Chase, which demonstrated that DNA is the genetic material. 10.2 10.3 Compare the structure of DNA and RNA.DNA Replication 10.4 Explain how the structure of DNA facilitates its replication. 10.5 Describe the process of DNA replication.The Flow of Genetic Information from DNA to RNA to Protein 10.6 Describe the locations, reactants, and products of transcription and translation. 10.7 10.8 Explain how the languages of DNA and RNA are used to produce polypeptides. 10.9 Explain how RNA is produced. 10.10 Explain how eukaryotic RNA is processed before leaving the nucleus. 10.11 Explain how tRNA functions in the process of translation. 10.12 Describe the structure and function of ribosomes. 10.13 Explain how translation begins. 10.14 Describe the step-by-step process by which amino acids are added to a growing polypeptide chain. 10.15 Diagram the overall process of transcription and translation. 10.16 Describe the major types of mutations and their possible consequences.Microbial Genetics 10.17 Compare the lytic and lysogenic reproductive cycles of a phage. 10.18 Compare the structures and reproductive cycles of an enveloped RNA virus and the herpesvirus.10.19 Describe the common characteristics of plant viruses. 10.20 Explain why RNA viruses tend to have an unusually high rate of mutation. 10.20 Describe three ways that new disease- causing viruses evolve. 10.21 Explain how the AIDS virus enters a host cell and reproduces. 10.22 Define and compare the processes of transformation, transduction, and conjugation. 10.23 Describe the roles of bacterial F factors. Define a plasmid, and explain why R plasmids pose serious human health problems.Key TermsA siteadenine (S)AIDSanticodonbacteriophagescapsidcodon recognitioncodonsconjugation cytosine (C)DNA ligaseDNA polymerasesdouble helixemerging virusesexonsF factor genetic codeguanine (G)HIVintronslysogenic cyclelytic cyclemessenger RNA (mRNA) molecular biologymutagenmutagenesismutationnucleotidesP sitepeptide bond formation phagesplasmidpolynucleotidepromoterprophageR plasmidsreading frameretroviruses reverse transcriptaseribosomal RNA (rRNA)RNA polymeraseRNA splicingsemiconservative modelstart codonstop codonsugar-phosphatebackboneterminatorthymine (T)transcription transductiontransfer RNA (tRNA)transformationtranslationtranslocationtriplet code uracil (U)Word Rootsliga- 5 bound or tied (DNA ligase: a linking enzyme for DNA replication)Lecture OutlineIntroduction Saboteurs Inside Our Cells A. The chromosome theory of inheritance set the historical and structural stage for the...
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2009 for the course BIOLOGY 105 taught by Professor Tamerdoğan during the Spring '09 term at A.T. Still University.

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