International Review for the Sociology of Sport 2019, Vol. 54(7) 837–854 © The Author(s) 2018 Article reuse guidelines: sagepub.com/journals-permissions DOI: 10.1177/1012690217748929 journals.sagepub.com/home/irs Violence and death in Argentinean soccer in the new Millennium: Who is involved and what is at stake? Fernando Segura M Trejo CIDE, Mexico; UFG, Brazil Diego Murzi Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Conicet, Argentina Belen Nassar Salvemos al Fútbol, Argentina Abstract This article analyzes episodes of violence and disorder, including deaths, related to soccer in Argentina, as identified in the online written press between 2006 and 2017. The aim is to present a sample of cases in order to reflect the domestic atmosphere of violence around the Argentinean game. Just as Eduardo Archetti and Amílcar Romero presented figures on violence between the 1950s and the 1980s, so our analysis explores a new type of violence, including killings by peers of the same supporter squad. Although the mass media, and public responses, tend to blame groups known as barras-bravas , we try to unpack different scenarios and assess the variety of interests and actors involved, which include “arrangements” with police and other authorities, as well as the aggression amongst the protagonists of the game itself. Consequently, we hope to update recent debates by revealing new trends and suggesting hypotheses for new research and public policies. Keywords actors, Argentina, deaths, soccer, violence Corresponding author: Fernando Segura M Trejo, CIDE, Carretera México Touluca 3655, Lomas de Santa Fe, Mexico City 01210, Mexico. Email: [email protected] 748929 IRS 0 0 10.1177/1012690217748929International Review for the Sociology of Sport Segura-Trejo et al. research-article 2018 Research Article
838 International Review for the Sociology of Sport 54(7) Introduction Understanding the multiple dimensions of violence in relation to soccer (or football) can be a complex task. Up to November 2017, the list of identified serious casualties accu- mulated in Argentina amounted to 322 cases (). The victims reported since 1922 resulted in an average of three fatalities per year . The period between 1958 and 1983 gave an annual average of five such “tragedies” (Archetti and Romero, 1994). Furthermore, the yearly average of nine fan deaths during the last ten years is higher than the so-called “golden age” of hooliganism in England, where the estimate was six fan deaths a year, from 1974 to 1989 (Hobbs and Robin, 1991: 553). This consti- tutes one important reason to continue studying this subject at present. The problem of violence in the world of soccer has been the subject of much research. In Europe, the research goes back several decades as social scientists have sought to interpret hooliganism (Armstrong and Harry, 1991; Braun and Vliegenthart, 2008; Comeron, 2002; Dunning et al., 1986, 1991; Ehremberg, 1991; Giulianotti et al., 1994; Hobbs and Robin, 1991; Ingham, 1978; Marsh, 1978; Mignon, 1998; Murphy et al., 1990; Readhead, 1991; Spaiij, 2006; Taylor, 1971; Walgrave and Limbergen, 1998; Williams et al., 1984; among others).
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