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Unformatted text preview: oxidation-reduction surroundings polyprotic acid balancing redox rxns/acid universe acid anhydride oxidation numbers basic anhydride rules for oxidation numbers molecular base balancing redox rxns/basic open system Hesss law closed system standard heat of combustion isolated system standard heat of formation heat capacity specific heat capacity heat flow calculations exothermic endothermic heat of reaction calorimetry constant volume constant pressure pressure-volume work 1 st Law of thermodynamics heat of combustion enthalpy thermochemical equation standard state standard heat of reaction enthalpy diagrams...
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