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Renaissance

Renaissance - Transition to the Modern Age Theology gave...

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Transition to the Modern Age - Theology gave way to science for knowledge - Reason became independent of revelation - Central gov grew, feudalism declined - Renaissance from 1350-1600, started in northern Italy Italy - City-states developed as autonomous political entities, decline of papacy contributed to this - Dominance of business and trade in Mediterranean declined feudal nobility’s influence - Political experimentation of republicanism (1300-1450) and despotism (1450- 1550) - Denied Holy Roman Emperor and papacy control they once had - City-states plagued by economic crisis, instability, class conflict, and mercenary armies - Republican institutions continually switched to despotism o Class war between rich merchants and nobles led to competition for one-man rule o Economic disasters, famine and disease o City-states in war with rivals used mercernaries - 5 powers emerged: o Naples and Sicily in the South o Papal States o Florence o Venice (remained aristocratic republican) o Milan - In 1454, these powers concluded the Peace of Lodi, lasting until King Charles VIII invaded in 1494 Renaissance Society - Largely influenced by wealthy merchants and commercial oligarchies
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Renaissance - Transition to the Modern Age Theology gave...

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