415 Iranian Revolution

415 Iranian Revolution - 1 Iran(ira A typology of Middle...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1 Iran (ira) A typology of Middle Eastern regimes since 1945 could be constructed as follows: Family Rule . In Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, oil wealth has been used to maintain undemocratic, socially conservative, monarchical regimes. Nationalism in the Western sense is largely unknown in these states; favors and family rather than a national ideology bind these nations together. Having never been under direct colonial domination, the Gulf states have few qualms about allying with the West, but refuse Western forms of social development in the name of traditional values (like a separate sphere for women). Nationalist/Modernizing . From Turkey to Algeria, with variants in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Libya and pre-1979 Iran, nationalist, authoritarian undemocratic regimes have challenged traditional social and cultural powers in favor of an often untenable combination of technologically advanced economic development (the Aswan Dam in Egypt) and social welfare policies like subsidizing food prices. These nationalist regimes have challenged the traditional monarchies for leadership of the Middle East; they are deeply anti-colonialist and have often favored some form of pan-Arab unity directed against Israel and the threat of European and later American domination (and, of course, other competitors for this leading role). While leaders of these regimes are Muslims, they are generally pan-Arab rather than pan-Islamic. Islamic . The third alternative has been the militant Islamic regime that combine a radical rejection of both Western values and Western presence in the non-Western world with pan-Islamic revolutionary goals. The nationalism born of the end of European imperialism has not brought benefits to the majority of the inhabitants of these nations. And efforts at “modernization” have brought little to these populations except anger at corruption and the growing divisions of rich and poor. Islamic movements seek to offer an alternative, beginning with attack on the superpowers which support existing regimes and which are seen to have promoted the Westernizing corruption of Islamic societies. There is no such thing as an Islamic politics. To quote Mortimer, "Islam is a political culture: it often provides the form and vocabulary of political action. It can greatly strengthen personal commitment to a cause. But it is not in itself a sufficient explanation for the commitment, or a sufficient content for the cause." 1 In this sense then, Islam is like Christianity, able to support the Rigoberta Menchus of the world--and her oppressers. Iran has had each of these types of governments in the twentieth century. What is the relationship of 1 Mortimer, Faith and Power , p. 407. 2 the "world outside the West" to the West and how has it changed since 1945? The history of modern Iran allows us to examine this organizing concept of modern world history in three historical situations: (a) the relationship between the Cold War and the United States' assumption of roles previously played by European...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/10/2009 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Hunziker during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

Page1 / 14

415 Iranian Revolution - 1 Iran(ira A typology of Middle...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online