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ln3 - Allegorical and Iconic Woman Venus and...

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MIT 4.602 , Modern Art and Mass Culture (HASS-D) Spring 2004 Professor Caroline A. Jones Lecture Notes History, Theory and Criticism Section, Department of Architecture Week 2, Lecture 1 POST-REVOLUTIONARY FRANCE: Delacroix, or, how to imagine Liberty I. The first efforts at imagining Liberty: A. Jacques-Louis David B. The legislated Liberty seal of the First Republic – 1792 II. Allegorical Woman A. Woman as icon 1. Nike, Athena, Venus (Teiresias) 2. Mary, Judith, Jeanne d’Arc (Godiva) B. Woman as Allegory 1. Naked truth 2. Virginal power (Marie de’ Medici) III. Eug é ne Delacroix, Liberty at the Barricades, July 28 1830: a close reading A. Imagining Liberty: Delacroix’ formal and psychological image repertoire B. July 28? Or 29 th ? Bonapartist? Or Republican? Fearful? Or Celebratory? C. The power of ambiguity and ambivalence Slide List for 2:1 (selected) Early “liberty” David Oath of the Horatii, 1784 David Oath in the Tennis Court, (unfinished) 1790-92 David Death of Marat 1793
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Unformatted text preview: Allegorical and Iconic Woman Venus and Aphrodite (Roman and Greek) Athena and Nike Madonna vs Eve (Guido Reni, Lucas Cranach) Lucretia and Cleopatra (Guido Reni, Lucas Cranach) Judith beheading Holofernes (by 19 th c. artist Gustave Dore and Renaissance painter Artemesia Gentileschi) Jeanne d’Arc vs. Pygmalion’s Galatea (by 19 th c artists J.D.Ingres and Edward Burne-Jones) Rubens Life of Marie de’ Medici cycle, 1622-26 Millet Charity, Fraternity, both ca. 1848 Daumier La Republique 1848 Delacroix’s image repertoire (images with no author are Delacroix’s) La Vierge du Sacr é Coeur or Triomphe de la Religion, 1821 Barq of Dante 1822 Massacre at Chios 1824 (first Salon picture) Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi, 1826 and of course Liberty on the Barricades, a.k.a., Liberty Leading the People, 1830 see Webmuseum for excellent images: http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/delacroix/ Influenced by Gericault Raft of the Medusa 1817-19...
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