PSYC260Lecture07

PSYC260Lecture07 - HIEU 201 September 24, 2008 Rome II:...

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HIEU 201 September 24, 2008 Rome II: 1. Eastern Conquests a. Phillip V of Macedonia (Carthaginian ally) i. Rome had almost been destroyed ii. Was trying to extend Macedonian control iii. Succeeded by?, who led a revolt against Rome b. Third Macedonian War (172-168 BC) i. Defeat of Persian, flooded Rome with wealth ii. Accidental Roman Empire shifted iii. Battle of Callicinus (peace terms refused by Romans) iv. Battle of Pydna (168 BC) 1. Lucius Aemilius Paulus Macedonicus, c.229-160 BC 2. Social Effects of new eastern wealth a. Agrarian Crisis i. Rise of the latifundia ii. Slave Rebellions – same ethnicity, speak same language and worship same gods made it possible – Eunus of Sicily: first one to show that slave revolt could be successful; Spartacus of Italy; iii. “In conquering what they were pleased to call the known world, the Romans ruined a great part of the Italian people (P. A. Brunt).” iv. Military conscription on a large scale during the Punic Wars Long absences of small holders Possibility of large owners take over of land
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2009 for the course PSYC 260 taught by Professor Oishi during the Spring '08 term at UVA.

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PSYC260Lecture07 - HIEU 201 September 24, 2008 Rome II:...

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