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PSYC260Lecture09 - Self

PSYC260Lecture09 - Self - PSYC 260 Sept 30th 2008 Topic 5...

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PSYC 260 Sept 30 th , 2008 Topic 5: Self-Understanding Example: How Do People Name Their Babies? Parents often strive for originality and uniqueness “Isabella” and “Madison” for girls, “Jacob” and “Joshua” for boys “Original” names become fadish Why a Topic for Social Psychology? We understand ourselves in a social context We use other people to learn about ourselves 1. First step: Gaining a Sense of Self a. Self-Concept: Our knowledge of who we are b. Measure of the self-concept – the Mirror Test: If reacts to red mark on face, there is self-awareness i. Chimps and orangutans, dolphins, elephant passed the mirror test; dogs and cats failed c. Self-Awareness: How we come to know ourselves d. Functions of the Self i. Organizational Function 1. Using Self-Schemas 2. Self-Reference Effect: People’s tendency to remember information better if they relate it to themselves ii. Executive Function: Self-Regulation e. Differences in Defining Self i. Cultural Differences 1. Independent view of the self: Western 2. Interdependent view of the self: Asian ii. Gender Differences 1. Relational interdependence: Women focus more on close relationships 2. Collective interdependence: Men more on their memberships in the larger groups 2. Knowing ourselves through Introspection
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a. A source that people do not often use; even when they do, reasons for behavior may be hidden from conscious awareness b. Self-Awareness Theory: Evaluation and comparison of current behavior to internal standards c. “Telling more than we can know” phenomenon – Nisbett & Wilson (1977) studies i. We’re often unaware of cognitive processing that led to the result ii. Introspection may not lead us to the true causes of our feelings and behavior, but we convince ourselves that it did iii. Replying on casual theories/judgments 1. Definition: Theories about the causes of one’s own feelings and behaviors; often learnt from our culture 2.
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PSYC260Lecture09 - Self - PSYC 260 Sept 30th 2008 Topic 5...

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