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HIEU201Lecture06 - HIEU 201 September 8 2008 Early Greece...

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HIEU 201 September 8, 2008 Early Greece: Minoans and Mycenaeans, Deities, Homer 1. Minoans and Early Greece: 3000-1375 BC a. Crete As Cradle of Early Greek Civilization i. Minoans 1. Palace Culture: Palace of King Minos at Knossos 2. Written Language a. linear A, still undecipherable ii. Island of crete iii. Considered themselves to be more asian than European iv. 1700 – new culture grew up around palace centers on crete v. Centered around trade not warfare, useless military vi. Great bureaucracy vii. King minos and city of Knossos- great cultural accomplishments viii. Palace of minos at Knossos 1. Enormous palace for king minos 2. Horned altar representing bull horns (cult symbol of Minoans) 3. Frescos of bull jumping 4. Women with bare breasts seen as symbol of fertility (possibly) 5. Minos thought to be son of zeus ix. Legends 1. Minos refuses to kill a bull so Poseidon makes his wife fall in love with the animal and gives birth to minotaur (minotaur and labyrinth) 2.
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