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Unformatted text preview: HIEU 201 September 22, 2008 Rome: Foundations & Republic 1. Origins of Rome: Mythic and Otherwise a. Major Sources: majorly oral traditions i. Titus Livy (born 59 BC) – from founding of city to his own days – what Romans like to believe about themselves ii. Polybius (c. 200 – post 118 BC) – explains why the Romans have came to dominate – political structure b. Major parts of Roman self-understanding i. Gloria ii. Dignitas – social trait iii. Auctoritas – authority, how one acts when one is in command, originally reserved for Kings then transferred to the Councils iv. Maiestas - v. Severitas – severity, old Roman notion of cruelty vi. Gravitas – everything is treated matter-of-factly, personal trait vii. Pietas – piety, fulfilling one’s duty to the state of god viii. Patria potestas – father’s absolute authority ix. Imperium – the highest goal c. Before the Republic : Palatine Hill village (casa Romuli) & Lapis niger i. Draining of Tiber Swamp via Cloaca Maxima Forum Rome was founded on a major engineering project ii. Romulus & Remus 1. Lupercalia (15 April): fertility rite, Palatine & Quirinal Hills...
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- Spring '08
- Ancient Rome, Livy