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Unformatted text preview: HIEU 201 September 22, 2008 Rome: Foundations & Republic 1. Origins of Rome: Mythic and Otherwise a. Major Sources: majorly oral traditions i. Titus Livy (born 59 BC) from founding of city to his own days what Romans like to believe about themselves ii. Polybius (c. 200 post 118 BC) explains why the Romans have came to dominate political structure b. Major parts of Roman self-understanding i. Gloria ii. Dignitas social trait iii. Auctoritas authority, how one acts when one is in command, originally reserved for Kings then transferred to the Councils iv. Maiestas - v. Severitas severity, old Roman notion of cruelty vi. Gravitas everything is treated matter-of-factly, personal trait vii. Pietas piety, fulfilling ones duty to the state of god viii. Patria potestas fathers absolute authority ix. Imperium the highest goal c. Before the Republic : Palatine Hill village (casa Romuli) & Lapis niger i. Draining of Tiber Swamp via Cloaca Maxima Forum Rome was founded on a major engineering project ii. Romulus & Remus 1. Lupercalia (15 April): fertility rite, Palatine & Quirinal Hills...
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- Spring '08