HIEU201Lecture20

HIEU201Lecture20 - HIEU 201 Oct 15th 2008 The Rise of Islam...

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HIEU 201 Oct 15 th , 2008 The Rise of Islam, Conquests and Kingdoms 1. The Arabian Peninsula Before The Prophet a. Romans, Byzantines & Tribes b. The Economy & World Wide Ties 2. The Prophet and al-Islam a. Mohammed i. BG: One of the strongest things that drove Mecca – trade – various cultural exposure ii. At age 25 became the business manager of a widow who he ended up married; started experiencing religious thoughts iii. Originally only attracted for younger especially poorer men iv. Kadija v. The hijra b. The Five Pillars i. There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is his prophet ii. Prayer: Qibla, ka’aba iii. Almsgiving: zakat – built in notion og charity iv. Pilgrimage to Mecca: hajj v. Fasting in Ramadan c. The Qu’ran i. Arranged in 114 small Suras (chapters) d. The sunna e. The hadith f. The umma muslima g. Qibla : direction for prayer (Jerusalem, the Mecca) h. Mahajirun : first Muslims on hijira i. Ansar = followers j. Battle of Badr ( 624 AD) – military campaign against Mecca k.
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