HIEU201Lecture21

HIEU201Lecture21 - HIEU 201 Oct 17th, 2008 Byzantium &...

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HIEU 201 Oct 17 th , 2008 1. The Byzantine Empire: a. External Shrinking – reached its high point when it became smaller, lost outlines to the Arabs and Slavs and is more compact i. Conflict with Persian and Islamic States, Relations with the West, Dynastic Instability 1. Death of Justinian (595) 2. Heraclius (610-641) – Victories in Balkans, halted Slavic, Avars, Bulgars; Defeats by Arabs: Sack of Jerusalem, conquest of Alexandria, loss of North Afrca 3. 4. Constantine V (741-775) –extremely unpopular 5. Defeats in Italy, Rise of Papal States 6. Empress Irene (751-802) – began to stabilizing things and borders a. Blinding of Constantine VI – to make him no longer competitive for throne so to be protected 7. Nicephorus (803-811) a. Opponent 1 – Harun al-Rashid b. Opponent 2 – Khan Krum (Bulgarian warior King) – victorious in combat & made cup out of imperial skull 8. Basil I (867-886) – became the Mecedonian Dynasty which lasted ~300 years
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HIEU201Lecture21 - HIEU 201 Oct 17th, 2008 Byzantium &...

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