HIEU201Lecture26

HIEU201Lecture26 - HIEU 201 Oct 29th, 2008 The Crises of...

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HIEU 201 Oct 29 th , 2008 The Crises of the Western Church, War and Political Consolidation: 1300-1500 1. The Crises of the Western Church: “Babylonian Captivity,” Schism, and Conciliarism a. The Avignonese Papacy (1309-1377) i. Boniface VIII vs. Philip IV of France ii. Pope Clement V (r.1305-1314) 1. Avignon (city in HRE on Rhone River) – fairly stable and safe unlike Rome iii. Pope John XXII (r. 1316-1334) 1. 2. iv. Critics: 1. Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) – father was one of the papal clerks; collected Cicero texts; “an unholy Babylon, Hell on Earth, a sink of iniquity…” 2. St. Catherine of Sienna (1347-1380) – countries refused to pay dues; cut bishops and cost where possible; lost of prestige of the papal court 3. St. Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373) 2. The Great Schism (1378-1417) a. b. Disputed Election of Urban VI (r. 1378-1389) c. Anti-Pope Elected: Clement VII (r. 1378-1394): Dual Obediences – parts obeyed Rome and parts the papacy d. 3. Conciliarism a. Growth of representative political bodies
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2009 for the course HIEU 201 taught by Professor Ridenhour during the Spring '08 term at UVA.

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HIEU201Lecture26 - HIEU 201 Oct 29th, 2008 The Crises of...

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