HIEU201Lecture27

HIEU201Lecture27 - HIEU 201 Oct 31st, 2008 Scary Things:...

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HIEU 201 Oct 31 st , 2008 Scary Things: Famine, Black Death, Revolts and the Turks 1. a. Early Fourteenth Century Famine: 1315-1322 i. Land Use and Inheritance Patterns, Taxes 1. Noble Advantages Over Peasants ii. Later Marriages, Small Families iii. Climate Changes, Ruined Crops, Mass Starvation iv. NOT a Malthusian Crisis v. Scorched Earth b. The Black Death: 1348 (http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/osheim/) i. Epidemiology 1. Caffa: Genoese colony on Black Sea 2. Egypt, Sicily, Genoa, Venice, Marseille 3. 1348-1351: 25-35% mortality (up to 60% in cities) a. Florence: 90,000 <50,000 b. Sienna: 55% mortality 4. 1360-1363: new cycle (every 11 years in Italy) ii. Religious Responses 1. Apocalypticism 2. Abandonment as Biblical Trope 3. 4. Anti-Semitism a. iv. Quarantine 2. Revolts, Demographic and Social Changes a. Revolts i. Rising of 1381 in England: Wat Tyler, John Ball\ ii. Patterns of Peasant Uprising
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HIEU201Lecture27 - HIEU 201 Oct 31st, 2008 Scary Things:...

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