Logical Reasoning Challenge Workshop

Logical Reasoning Challenge Workshop - Logical Reasoning...

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Logical Reasoning Challenge Workshop Welcome to Kaplan's Logical Reasoning Challenge Workshop! At this point, you should have a firm grasp of the fundamentals of an argument. The four most common LSAT Logical Reasoning questions — Assumptions, Strengthen/Weaken, Inference and Flaw questions — comprise 70% of the Logical Reasoning sections and, consequently, 35% of the questions on the exam. This lesson will cover the remainder of the question types in the Reasoning sections and, in addition, introduce some important tools to help score higher on Test Day. In particular, this workshop will cover: A review of the common question types Common wrong answer choices The less frequent question types o Main Point questions o Parallel Reasoning questions o Method of Argument questions o Principle questions o Paradox questions o Point at Issue questions A Review of the Common Question Types Your work should always begin with the question stem, and your preparation should sensitize you to the elements of Reasoning question stems that appear again and again. Take each of the following question stems in turn. What do you see and think about in terms of each one? What action steps would you take? Compare your thinking with ours by clicking Continue. 1. The conclusion drawn in the passage above depends on which of the following assumptions? When you see the phrase "depends on which…assumptions" you should think that this is a straightforward Assumption question, one that asks for a central connection—taken for granted—between evidence and conclusion. Just keep in mind that an arguer can depend on several assumptions, only one of which will be chosen as the right answer. Your " Do " is to locate the evidence and conclusion, and look for a necessary connection between them. Predicting an answer before attacking the choices helps save time and improve accuracy. 2. The conclusion above follows from the evidence if which of the following is true?
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Here's another way for the author to ask you the necessary assumption. The " Do " remains the same: Explore the connection between evidence and conclusion. What must be true if the former is to lead to the latter? In assumption questions, also look for such language as "which of the following is presupposed" or "presumed." 3. Which of the following, if true, helps to support the conclusion presented above? This wording indicates a Strengthen question. You need to do the same work as with Assumption questions, but the real " Do " is to make the connection between evidence and conclusion more likely. For instance, do you perceive an alternative to the conclusion? A statement knocking out a potential alternative strengthens the logic. Beware of choices that do the opposite and weaken the argument. 4. Which of the following, if true, casts most doubt on the claim that most owners of
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This note was uploaded on 12/12/2009 for the course ABC 123 taught by Professor Yah during the Spring '09 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Logical Reasoning Challenge Workshop - Logical Reasoning...

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