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LR Intermediate wkshop

LR Intermediate wkshop - [Page 1 of 34 Logical Reasoning...

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[Page 1 of 34] Logical Reasoning Intermediate Workshop Welcome to Kaplan's Logical Reasoning Intermediate Workshop! In this workshop, we will introduce several question types and go in depth into arguments. Specifically, this workshop will cover: A review on the basics of an argument The Logical Reasoning question types o Strengthen/Weaken questions o Inference questions o Logical Flaw questions Let's start with a brief review on the basics of an argument. [Page 2 of 34] Review the Basics: Major Definitions Look at each of the terms or principles mentioned below. Jot down-or think through-whatever you know or remember about each, and then roll your mouse over each term to compare your notes with ours. 1. Argument 2. Conclusion 3. Evidence 4. Assumption 5. Topic and Scope 6. Keywords Keywords indicating Conclusion Keywords indicating Evidence Keywords indicating Filler 7. One Sentence Test [Page 3 of 34] Review the Basics, continued To refresh your Reasoning skills, read the argument below and identify the evidence, conclusion, and central assumption. Click Continue when you're done. Venturian Capital Funds forbids its employees to own any mutual funds. Mr.
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Wright is a Venturian employee. Therefore, Mr. Wright does not knowingly own any mutual funds. The first two sentences are the evidence: The company forbids employees from buying mutual funds, and Mr. Wright is an employee at this company. The last sentence is the conclusion: Mr. Wright does not knowingly buy mutual funds. The conclusion is signaled by the Keyword therefore. The central assumption is that Mr. Wright does in fact follow the dictates of his employers. To strengthen this argument you would try to confirm the central assumption, e.g., "Mr. Wright studiously follows all of the rules of his employer," or "No employee of Venturian violates its rules." To weaken this argument you should try to undermine this assumption, e.g., "Mr. Wright violates the precepts of Venturian Capital whenever he wants," or "Every Venturian Capital employee violates its no-mutual fund rule at some point or another." Before we start a more thorough understanding of the strengthen/weaken issue, let's review the Kaplan Method for Logical Reasoning . The Kaplan Method for Logical Reasoning Hopefully, by now, you are very familiar with the method. To review, try this: Type Step 1 of the Kaplan Method into the textbox below, and then click Continue to compare your notes with ours. Repeat for Steps 2, 3, and 4. Identify the question stem: Use it to determine what you are looking for in the stimulus. 2 Untangle the Stimulus Untangle the Stimulus: Study it carefully. Find evidence and conclusion when you can, and paraphrase the whole thing in simple terms. Thinking critically about the right answer before looking at the answer choices is a hallmark of every good test taker. With some questions in the Logical Reasoning sections you will be able to make a prediction of the answer. On others, however, it is better to go directly to the answer choices.
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