Lecture 9

Lecture 9 - Lecture9 20:40 Culture Ethnicity Race(forlater...

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Lecture 9 20:40 Some frequently-used terms: Do they all mean the same? Culture Ethnicity Race (for later) Nation Cultural diversity (from last week) Las casas recognized cultural diversity o Unintentional anthropologist o Recognized cultural diversity o All of humanity has the same basic creative capacity Ethnos = people or culture Ethnography = descriptions of other peoples, which took off especially after  the discovery of the Americas Instead of developing Las Casas’s ideas about diversity, Europeans in the  Enlightenment era began to aim for universal civilization Ethnography provided support for a view of the world with non-Europeans  seen as more backward) Europe (France, etc) as vanguard of humanity With time, everyone will assimilate (speak France) o Now, speak English… Herder (18-19 th  c. anti-Enlightenement German philosopher, writer), reacted  against French claims to be  the  civilizing center Declared that “cultures” are  plural  and each worthy in their own ways True: and cultural diversity will never go away! …but dangerous: may reinforce views of cultural identity as 
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Lecture 9 - Lecture9 20:40 Culture Ethnicity Race(forlater...

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