Test 02 cheat sheet

Test 02 cheat sheet - Watson & Rayner, 1920: Little...

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Stimulus generalization Stimulus discrimination Extinction Spontaneous recovery Higher order conditioning PSYCH 100 TEST #02 BICKFORD Sleep Stages: Stage 1: the state of transition between wakefulness and sleep, characterized by relatively rapid, low-amplitude brain waves (During this stage, images sometimes appear, as if we were viewing still photos, although this is not true dreaming). Stage 2: a sleep deeper than that of stage 1, characterized by a slower, more regular wave pattern, along with momentary interruptions of “sleep spindles”; (This stage of sleep makes up about half of the total sleep of those in their early 20s). Stage 3: a sleep characterized by slow brain waves, with greater peaks and valleys in the wave pattern than in stage 2 sleep. Stage 4: the deepest stage of sleep, during which we are least responsive to outside stimulation. Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep: sleep occupying 20% of an adult’s sleeping time, characterized by increased heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate; erections; eye movements; and the experience of dreaming. Latent content of dreams: According to Freud, the “disguised” meanings of dreams, hidden by more obvious subjects. Manifest content of dreams: According to Freud, the apparent story line of dreams. Night terrors: sudden awakenings from non-REM sleep that are accompanied by extreme fear, panic, and strong physiological arousal. Narcolepsy: an uncontrollable sleeping that occurs for short periods while a person is awake. Circadian rhythms: biological processes that occur regularly on approximately a 24-hour cycle. Psychoactive drugs: drugs that influence a person’s emotions, perceptions, and behavior. Addictive drugs: drugs that produce a biological or psychological dependence in the user so that withdrawal from them leads to a craving for the drug that, in some cases, may be nearly irresistible. In biologically based addictions, the body becomes so accustomed to functioning in the presence of a drug that it cannot function without it. In psychologically based addictions, people believe they need the drug to respond to the stresses of daily living. Stimulants: drugs that have an arousal effect on the central nervous system, causing a rise in heart rate, blood pressure, and muscular tension. Binge drinking: (for men): having five or more drinks in one sitting Binge drinking: (for women): women generally weigh less than men and their bodies absorb alcohol less efficiently; having four or more drinks at one sitting. Methadone
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2009 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Test 02 cheat sheet - Watson & Rayner, 1920: Little...

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