an examination of the role that

an examination of the role that - An Examination of the...

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An Examination of the Role that Intercollegiate Athletic Participation Plays in Academic Achievement Athletes' Feats in the Classroom Michael T. Maloney Robert E. McCormick ABSTRACT We investigate whether intercollegiate athletic participation affects schol- arly success. The overall means of course grades suggest that athletes do not do as well in the classroom as regular students. Background fac- tors explain this underperformance for most sports; athletes come to school with lower SAT scores and poorer high school preparation. How- ever, players in the revenue sports do worse even accounting for this. We investigate the cause of this unexplained underperformance: We find that it is a seasonal phenomenon. To us, this means that the exploita- tion of athletes extends beyond the sidelines and into the classroom. I. Introduction Fewer topics concerning academe have achieved such popular concern as the proper role of athletics on campus.' The volume of coverage in the lay press concerning the academic successes and failures of athletes so far outweighs similar stories about nonathletes that one is sometimes left to wonder if anyone cares at all about what goes on in America's colleges and universities unless it pertains to sports or athletes. The public debate over two recent National 1. See McCormick and Tinsley (1987) for a study of the relation between academics and athletics on university campuses. The authors are professors of economics at Clemson University. The useful comments of Charles Brown, Eric Hanushek, Mark Mitchell, Curtis Simon, Emily Wood, anonymous referees, and work- shop participants at Clemson are acknowledged. The authors are especially grateful to Walter Mayfield and B. J. Skelton of the Clemson University Admissions Office, Joe White of the Aca- demic Learning Center, and Dwight Rainey of the Athletic Department for their indispensable help in this project. The data used in this article can be obtained beginning December 1993 through December 1996 from the authors at the following address: Department of Economics, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (or electronically from maloney@ctemson.clemson.edu or sixmile@clemson. clemson .edu). [Submitted June 1991; accepted June 1992]
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556 The Journal of Human Resources Collegiate Athletic Association rules, Propositions 48 and 42, to "put the student back into student athletics" is but one example of the public's fascination with college athletics. Indeed there is a move to limit the amount of time athletes may participate in varsity level sports practice and competition. At its 1991 conven- tion, the member schools of the NCAA voted to restrict in-season practice time of student athletes to 20 hours per week, four hours per day with at least one day per week totally practice free. Except for spring practice in football, organized out-of-season practice time also was restricted to a maximum of eight hours per week for weight training and conditioning activities. The question is, will these
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2009 for the course ENGG ENGL 1199 taught by Professor Bruseski during the Spring '09 term at University of the Bío-Bío.

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an examination of the role that - An Examination of the...

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