Key Question #18 - bound to a carbon that is only bound to...

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Lesson 18 Key Questions 89) a) | b) O -C- O | | | || | | | || | -C-C-C=O=C-C- -C-C--C-C- | | | | | | | c) OH d) | | | | | | | -C- -C-C---C-C-C-C- | | | | | | | | -C--C--OH | | -C- e) | -C- | -C- | | | | | -C-C-N-C-C- | | | | | 90) 1-pentanol (primary) 2-methyl-1-butanol (primary) | | | | | | -C-C-C-C-C-OH -C- | | | | | | | | | -C-C-C-C-OH | | | | 3-methyl-1-butanol (primary) 2,2-dimethyl-1-propanol (primary) | | -C- -C- | | | | | | | -C-C-C-C-OH -C-C-C-OH | | | | | | | -C- |
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2-pentanol (secondary) 3-pentanol (secondary) OH OH | | | | | | | | | | -C-C-C-C-C- -C-C-C-C-C- | | | | | | | | | | 3-methyl-2-butanol (secondary) 2-methyl-2-butanol (tertiary) | | OH -C- -C- | | | | | | | -C-C----C-C- -C-C-C-OH | | | | | -C- | All of these are either Amyl alcohol or one of it’s isomers. All of these contain the same amount of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms within the alcohol molecule (C 5 H 12 O). If you look at the structural formulas the position of the OH with respect to which carbon atom it is attached to has a large part of how they are formed. All of the primary alcohols have the OH
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Unformatted text preview: bound to a carbon that is only bound to 1 other carbon atom. The secondary alcohols have the OH bound to a carbon that is bonded to 2 other carbon atoms. A tertiary has the OH bound to a carbon that is bonded to 3 other carbon atoms. Amyl alcohol is used in fermentation and is a constituent of fusel oil. 91) a) butyl propanate = (CH 3 CH 2 COOCH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 )=C 7 H 14 O 2 C 2 H 5 COOH + C 4 H 9 OH C 7 H 14 O 2 + H 2 O propanoic acid + butanol butyl propanate + water b) propyl methonate = (HCOOCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 )=C 4 H 8 O 2 C 3 H 7 OH + HCOOH C 4 H 8 O 2 + H 2 O propanoic acid + butanol butyl propanate + water 92) An addition polymer is created when a sucessive joining of unsaturated monomer units form together. Condensatin polymers are created by the joining of monomers through the elimination of small molecules from the functional groups of the polymers....
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This note was uploaded on 12/13/2009 for the course ENGG eg 404 taught by Professor Weisenhaupt during the Spring '09 term at University of the Bío-Bío.

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Key Question #18 - bound to a carbon that is only bound to...

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