APES Unit 9 Water.docx - APES Unit 9 Water Water Cycle Phases Evaporation \u2013 water on the surface turns to vapors that is absorbed by the sun liquid to

APES Unit 9 Water.docx - APES Unit 9 Water Water Cycle...

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APES Unit 9 Water Water Cycle Phases - Evaporation – water on the surface turns to vapors that is absorbed by the sun, liquid to gas - Transpiration – water from roots is carried to leaves where it is turned into vapor and absorbed by the atmosphere - Condensation – when the water vapor condenses to form clouds, gas to liquid - Infiltration – water on the surface enters the soil - Percolation – water filtering through the soil and rocks - Precipitation – water falling from the atmosphere - Ground water – water held in the ground, aquifers - Surface water – water on the surface that collects and pools Determining topographic maps Watersheds - Example o Mississippi river leads to the Gulf of Mexico - How do they work o Water from multiple sources all meet at one place and drain to a larger water basin, example Mississippi river drains to the Gulf of Mexico - How do humans influence them? o Pollution limits the uses for groundwater and the water that we get from watersheds o We are all part of a watershed, all the ground water goes to the watershed Water Quality - Agricultures affect – how does it decrease water quality o Excess fertilizers cause contaminated runoff o Fecal matter from animals contaminates water near by o Increased sediments and nutrients that run off into water - Clean water act – regulates the pollutants in water -
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