Flashcards Unit I - Constitutional Underpinnings of the U

Flashcards Unit I - Constitutional Underpinnings of the U -...

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Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : What is the constitutional basis of separation of powers? It can be found in several principles, such as the separation of government into three branches, the conception that each branch performs unique and identifiable functions, and the limitation of personnel to a specific branch. Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : How does Article VI of the Constitution establish the supremacy of the federal government? Article VI states that the Constitution and the laws of the United States are the supreme law of the land. The Court ruled in McCulloch v. Maryland (1918) that federal laws are supreme over state laws, and when a state law comes into conflict with a federal law, the federal law prevails. This has come to be called the supremacy clause. Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : What are the differences between categorical grants and block grants? Categorical grants, including project grants and formula grants, are federal aid that meets the criteria of a specific category and have strings attached, such as requirements to obtain the funds. Block grants go to states and local communities for more general purposes, with fewer strings attached. States have greater control over block grants. Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : What are John Locke’s arguments in the Second Treatise on Civil Government ? Locke argued that humans, in the state of nature, were born equal and that they possessed natural rights that no king had the power to void. The consent of the governed is the only true basis of a king or sovereign’s right to rule. Therefore, a chief executive, according to Locke, is limited by this social contract with the governed.
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Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : How do the characteristics of a totalitarian system differ from a democratic system? In a totalitarian system, government retains unlimited powers for the benefit of elite rulers. The government has total control over the people and the economy. In a democracy the government is limited by law, representatives are chosen by the people, dissent is tolerated, and citizen membership in autonomous groups is allowed. Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : What are the provisions of the New Jersey Plan? The plan proposed a unicameral legislature with one vote for each state, a weak executive elected by Congress, and a national judiciary appointed by the executive. The New Jersey Plan represented the interest of the smaller states. Constitutional Underpinnings of the U.S. Government : What are the criticisms of unfunded mandates? Unfunded mandates are where states are
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Flashcards Unit I - Constitutional Underpinnings of the U -...

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