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Flashcards Unit II - Political Beliefs and Behaviors

Flashcards Unit II - Political Beliefs and Behaviors -...

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Political Beliefs and Behaviors Political Beliefs and Behaviors ; How did literacy tests, poll taxes, and the grandfather clauses effectively prevent newly freed slaves from voting? A literacy test was a very difficult test of civic knowledge given to blacks before they were permitted to vote. Alabama’s test was sixty-five questions in forty-five minutes. Poll taxes were a fee required to vote, which few blacks could afford to pay. A grandfather clause allowed a person to vote if he or his ancestors voted prior to 1867. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : What is the nature of tolerance in the United States? The overwhelming majority believe in freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and right for unpopular groups to assemble and petition. However, when surveyors ask Americans specifically about a particular group that they dislike intensely, tolerance levels tend to decrease dramatically. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : What two significant pieces of legislation increased voting opportunities? The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited any discriminatory voter registration practices, while the Voting Rights Act of 1965 required the federal government to put and end to poll taxes and literacy test in states. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : What is the most important factor that predicts whether a citizen will vote? Level of Education is the most important factor.
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Political Beliefs and Behaviors : Who is John Q. Public? John Q. Public is the average man or woman on the street, often portrayed by cartoonist as bespectacled or befuddled. Pollsters and the mass media speak of John Q. Public when they make a blanket statement about general public opinion in the United Sates. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : What is the theory of social capital? Political scientist Robert Putnam wrote in the mid 1990s that the existence of clubs, churches, and other organizations that promote civic trust translates to a degree of social capital that can be measured. The more clubs and associations a population belongs to, the higher their social capital is, and the stronger their sense of efficacy is. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : Why is voting turnout so low in the United States? The most common reasons cited for low turnout are scheduling conflicts, registration difficulties, political fatigue, and political apathy. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : What is the political socialization phenomenon of the benevolent leader? Children learn that the political figures of the United States are well-meaning, honest, and trustworthy early in their childhood through the political socialization process, including children’s stories of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. These stories instill the idea of a benevolent leader. Political Beliefs and Behaviors : What are the agents of political socialization?
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