Flashcards Unit III - Political Parties

Flashcards Unit III - Political Parties - Political...

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Political Parties, Interest Groups and Mass Media Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media: What are the solidary incentives to join interest groups Solidary incentives are the pleasures, sense of status, and companionship that arise out of meeting in small groups. Such rewards are extremely important, but they tend to be available only from face-to-face contact, so national interest groups must have local chapters to lure members and obtain funds from these new members. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media : What laws regulate congressional lobbying? The Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946 required lobbyists to register and file quarterly financial reports, but few complied. With the 1995 Lobbying Disclosure Act, lobbyists are required to register with the Clerk of the House or the Secretary of the Senate, report their clients, and estimate the amount they were paid by each client. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media : What are the different types of interest groups? Over 500 corporate firms have lobbyists, public-relations experts, and lawyers in Washington, most of them opening offices since 1970. Other institutions represented are universities, foundations, and governments. Individual interest groups are those that most Americans tend to be associated with, such as Sierra Club or the National Organization of Women. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media : What are the electioneering activities of interest groups? Electioneering includes endorsing candidates, rating candidates or office holders based on their voting record, creating political parties, promoting campaigns and registration drives, and fundraising.
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Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media : What are the material incentives of joining an interest group? Material incentives include money or services that groups offer only to their members. For example, members of the American Association of Retired Persons receive travel, hotel and restaurant discounts, as well as low- cost life insurance and free tax advice. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media : What were the reforms instituted by the McGovern-Fraser Commission? In 1969, the commission determined that minorities, women, youth, and the poor were not adequately represented at the Democratic Party national convention. The party adopted guidelines that increased representation of these groups. The number of super-delegates (governors, members of Congress and other top party leaders) was reduced substantially. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media : What are critical realigning elections and when have they occurred? Critical realigning elections make a significant change in the way large groups of citizens vote, shifting their political allegiance from one political party to the other. Political scientists identify the elections of 1860, 1896 and 1932 ad definite realignments. Political Parties, Interest Groups, and
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course GOVT 32 taught by Professor Lind during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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Flashcards Unit III - Political Parties - Political...

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