Flashcards Unit IV - Institutions of National Government

Flashcards Unit IV - Institutions of National Government -...

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Institutions of National Government Institutions of National Government : What is equity law? Equity law is a system of rules by which disputes are resolved on the grounds of fairness. In equity cases, a plaintiff may ask the court to issue an injunction, a writ of mandamus, or some other action requiring a party to act fairly in a given situation. Institutions of National Government : Are term limits for members of Congress legal? Not at the national level—it would take a constitutional amendment. However, some state legislatures have term limits. Institutions of National Government : How is Congress apportioned? Every ten years, the census bureau conducts the national census of each state’s population. The House of Representative’s 435 seats are re-divided according to changes in populations of the states. Each state is guaranteed at least one representative in the House of Representatives by the Constitution. Institutions of National Government : What is the difference between a marginal district and a safe district? A marginal district is one in which a close election takes place, where the winner gets less than 55 percent of the vote. A safe district is one where the margin is at least 60 percent of the vote. The percentage of House districts that are considered safe is almost 90%. About 50% of Senate districts are considered safe.
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Institutions of National Government : What is the nature of the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction? The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in cases involving ambassadors, ministers and consuls, and in cases in which the state is a party. Appellate jurisdiction is granted in all other cases. Institutions of National Government : Who are the only presidents ever to be impeached? In 1868, after violating the Tenure in Office Act, the House of Representatives impeached Andrew Johnson. The Senate failed to convict him in the impeachment trial by a one-vote margin. In 2000, the House impeached Bill Clinton on counts of perjury and obstructing justice. He was also acquitted by the Senate. Institutions of National Government : Can the president alter the size and shape of Congress or the Supreme Court? No. Only the representatives can increase the size of Congress. To do so in the Senate would require the addition of a new state to the union, and to do so in the House would require changing the law passed in 1929 fixing the size of the House at 435. The size of the Court is also fixed by law. Institutions of National Government : What is the composition of the Executive Office of the President and what is its role? The Executive Office of the President (EOP) is an umbrella for ten organizations that report directly to the president. Top positions are filled by presidential nomination with Senate confirmation. The three most important bodies are the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisors and the National Security Council. Institutions of National Government
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Flashcards Unit IV - Institutions of National Government -...

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