Flashcards Unit V - Public Policy

Flashcards Unit V - Public Policy - Public Policy Public...

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Public Policy Public Policy : How does the legislative branch influence the formulation of the federal budget After Congress receives and debates the budget package formulated by the Office of Management and Budget and the president, Congress modifies the president’s proposal. Congressional committees hold hearings, analyze the budget proposals, and by September offer budget resolutions that must be passed by September 15. Congress then sends the bills to the president for approval. Public Policy : What is the role of the Office of Faith- Based and Community Initiatives? The agency was created by George W. Bush and added to the Executive Office of the President. The agency was created to allow local religious organizations to serve communities with food aid, housing aid, medical help, and educational services, and to apply for and receive federal funding to provide these services Public Policy : How does the bureaucracy provide social welfare to needy citizens? Since 1996, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, giving fixed block grants to the states to design their own welfare programs. Whatever the states do not spend on their own programs, they can keep. 1
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Public Policy : What determines whether an issue is on the policymaking agenda? The most important factors are shared political values, the weight of custom and tradition, the impact of events, the coverage of these events by the mass media, and changes in the way political elites think about politics. Public Policy : What is fiscal policy? Fiscal policy is the policy of taxation and spending that makes up the nation’s economic policy and is designed to improve the overall economic health of the nation. Public Policy : What is the state’s role in criminal laws and sentencing? Because each state has its own criminal laws, dramatic differences exist among states when it comes to sentencing. Mandatory sentencing exists for some states for some classes of crimes, thus taking away judicial discretion. In most cases, however, judges have great latitude within a state. Public Policy : What are at least two examples of the Supreme Court setting the public policy agenda? The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education school desegregation case, the 1962 Engle v. Vitale prayer case, the 1973 Roe v. Wade abortion rights case, and the 1976 Gregg v. Georgia death penalty case are all instances of the Court setting the policy agenda. 2
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Public Policy : What is client politics? When a policy confers a benefit on one group
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course GOVT 32 taught by Professor Lind during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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Flashcards Unit V - Public Policy - Public Policy Public...

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