This report examines the levels of voting
and registration in the November 2004
presidential election, the characteristics
of citizens who reported that they were
registered for or voted in the election,
and the reasons why registered voters
did not vote.
The data on voting and registration in this
report are based on responses to the
November 2004 Current Population
Survey (CPS) Voting and Registration
Supplement, which surveys the civilian
noninstitutionalized population in the
The estimates presented
in this report may differ from those based
on administrative data or data from exit
For more information, see the sec-
Accuracy of the Estimates.
VOTING AND REGISTRATION
OF THE VOTING-AGE
Turnout for the November
In the presidential election of November
2004, the 64 percent of voting-age citi-
zens who voted was higher than the
60 percent who turned out in 2000
This was the highest turnout
in a presidential election year since
1992, when 68 percent of voting-age
The overall number of
people who voted in the November 2004
election was 126 million, a record high
for a presidential election year.
turnout increased by 15 million voters
from the election in 2000.
same 4-year period, the voting-age
citizen population increased by 11 mil-
The registration rate of the voting-age
citizen population, 72 percent, was
higher than the 70 percent registered in
the 2000 election.
The last presidential
election year to have a higher registra-
tion rate was 1992, when 75 percent of
voting-age citizens were registered to
Helping You Make Informed Decisions
U.S.Department of Commerce
Economics and Statistics Administration
U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
Issued March 2006
Voting and Registration in the
Election of November 2004
ABOUT THIS REPORT
Voting and registration rates histori-
cally have been higher in years with
presidential elections than in con-
gressional election years.
purposes of this report, the 2004
data (a presidential election year)
are compared with previous presi-
dential election years (2000, 1996,
People in the military, U.S. citizens living
abroad, and people in institutionalized housing, such
as correctional institutions and nursing homes, were
not included in the survey.
For a discussion of the
differences between the official counts of votes cast
and the CPS data, see the section
in the Current Population Survey
The estimates in this report (which may be
shown in text, figures, and tables) are based on
responses from a sample of the population and may
differ from actual values because of sampling vari-
ability or other factors.
As a result, apparent differ-
ences between the estimates for two or more groups
may not be statistically significant.
statements have undergone statistical testing and
are significant at the 90-percent confidence level
unless otherwise noted.