Supreme Court Cases to Know

Supreme Court Cases to Know - Supreme Court Cases to Know...

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Supreme Court Cases to Know Court Case Summary Issues Marbury v. Madison (1803) Established judicial review; “midnight judges;” John Marshall wrote decision; gave more power to Supreme Court. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Established national supremacy; established implied powers; defense and definition of elastic clause; states unable to tax federal institutions; John Marshall wrote decision; “power to tax involves the power to destroy.” Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Established “separate but equal.” Schenck v. U.S. (1919) Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote decision; established “clear and present danger” test; shouting “fire” in a crowded theater; limits on speech, especially in wartime. Gitlow v. New York (1925) Established precedent of federalizing Bill of Rights (applying them to states); states cannot deny freedom of speech – protected through due process clause of 14 th Amendment. Palko v. Connecticut (1937) Provided test for determining which parts of Bill of Rights should be federalized – those which are implicitly or explicitly necessary to liberty to exist. Brown v. Board, 1 st (1954) School segregation unconstitutional; segregation psychologically damaging; overturned Plessy, separate but equal; clarified 14 th Amendment; unanimous decision of Warren Court. Brown v. Board 2 nd (1955) Ordered schools to desegregate “with all due and deliberate speed.” Mapp v. Ohio (1961) Established exclusionary rule; illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court; Earl Warren wrote decision. Engel v. Vitale (1962)
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course GOVT 32 taught by Professor Lind during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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Supreme Court Cases to Know - Supreme Court Cases to Know...

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