terms_02 - CHAPTER 2 The Constitution IMPORTANT TERMS...

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CHAPTER 2 The Constitution IMPORTANT TERMS *amendment (constitutional) A change in, or addition to, a constitution. Amendments are proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by a convention called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of the state legislatures and ratified by approval of three-fourths of the states. *Antifederalists Opponents to the ratification of the Constitution who valued liberty and believed it could be protected only in a small republic. They emphasized states’ rights and worried that the new central government was too strong. *Articles of Confederation The document establishing a “league of friendship” among the American states in 1781. The government proved too weak to rule effectively and was replaced by the current Constitution.
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Beard, Charles A historian who argued that the Constitution was designed to protect the economic self- interest of its framers. Beard’s view is largely rejected by contemporary scholars. *bill of attainder A law that declares a person, without trial, to be guilty of a crime. The state legislatures and Congress are forbidden to pass such acts, Article I, Sections 9 and 10, of the Constitution. *Bill of Rights The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press. *checks and balances The power of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government to block some acts by the other two branches. (See also separation of powers.) *coalition
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course GOVT 32 taught by Professor Lind during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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terms_02 - CHAPTER 2 The Constitution IMPORTANT TERMS...

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