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terms_03 - CHAPTER 3 Federalism IMPORTANT TERMS Article VI...

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CHAPTER 3 Federalism IMPORTANT TERMS Article VI A provision of the Constitution that makes the laws and treaties of the federal government the “supreme law of the land.” *block grants Grants given by the federal government to state and local authorities for general purposes. *categorical grants Grants given by the federal government to state and local authorities for a specific purpose defined in a federal law.
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charter A special act charter will apply to a specific city while a general act charter applies to all cities within a certain classification (usually based on population). These specify what a city may and may not do. In contrast, a home rule charter allows the city to do anything not prohibited by the charter or state law. city (municipal corporation or municipality) An entity chartered by the state to exercise certain defined powers and provide certain specific services. *confederation (or confederal system) A form of government in which sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the states and local governments, so the national government is dependent on their will.
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