terms_07 - CHAPTER 7 Political Parties IMPORTANT TERMS...

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CHAPTER 7 Political Parties IMPORTANT TERMS *caucus An alternative to a state primary in which party followers meet, often for many hours, to select party candidates. *congressional campaign committee Separate committees in Congress for each political party to help members who are running for reelection or would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposition party. direct primary A proposal originated by progressive reformers to open up political parties to their membership. It permits a vote of party members to select the party’s nominee in the general election.
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Parties, usually based in a particular region, especially involving farmers, that protest against depressed economic conditions. These tend to disappear as conditions improve. An example would be the Greenback party. factional parties Parties that are created by a split in a major party, usually over the identity and philosophy of the major party’s presidential candidate. An example would be the “Bull Moose” Progressive party. first party system The original party structure in which political parties were loose caucuses of political notables in various locations. It was replaced around 1824. *ideological party
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terms_07 - CHAPTER 7 Political Parties IMPORTANT TERMS...

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