terms_11 - CHAPTER 11 Congress IMPORTANT TERMS attitudinal...

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CHAPTER 11 Congress IMPORTANT TERMS attitudinal view of representation The theory of congressional voting behavior which assumes that members vote on the basis of their own beliefs. *bicameral legislature A legislative assembly composed of two separate houses, such as the U.S. Congress, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. *caucus (congressional) An association of members of Congress created to advocate on behalf of a political ideology, a constituency, or regional or economic interests. Almost a hundred of these groups now exist, and they rival political parties as a source of policy leadership. *Christmas tree bill A bill that has lots of riders.
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*closed rule Limitation imposed by the Rules Committee of the House of Representatives on the amount of debate time allotted to a bill and on the introduction of amendments from the floor or of any amendments other than those from the sponsoring committee. *cloture rule Rule 22 of the Senate, providing for the end of debate on a bill if three-fifths of the members agree. A cloture motion is brought to the floor if sixteen senators sign a petition. The purpose is typically to terminate a filibuster and to force a vote on a bill. Committee of the Whole A device used in the House of Representatives to expedite the passage of legislation. The quorum is reduced from 218 members to 100, and the Speaker appoints a member of the majority party as chair. Time allotted for debating the bill in question is split equally between proponents and opponents. The committee cannot itself pass legislation but may debate and propose amendments. *concurrent resolution A resolution used to settle housekeeping and procedural matters that affect both houses. Such resolutions are not signed by the president and do not have the force of law.
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A special type of joint committee appointed to resolve differences in House and Senate versions of a piece of legislation. Congress A meeting place of representatives of local constituencies who can initiate, modify, approve, or reject laws. It also shares supervision of government agencies with the executive. Congressional Budget Office Created in 1974 to advise Congress on the economic effects of spending programs, to provide information on the cost of proposed policies, and to prepare analyses of the president’s budget proposal. Congressional Research Service Created in 1914 to respond to congressional requests for information. It also keeps track of every major bill and produces summaries of legislation for members of Congress. *conservative coalition
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course GOVT 32 taught by Professor Lind during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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terms_11 - CHAPTER 11 Congress IMPORTANT TERMS attitudinal...

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