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terms_19 - CHAPTER 19 Civil Rights IMPORTANT...

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CHAPTER 19 Civil Rights IMPORTANT TERMS *affirmative action Programs attempting to compensate for past discrimination by giving preference to minorities and women in areas like hiring and promotion. The Supreme Court has announced a complex set of standards governing this field. In general, quotas or preference systems instituted by government employers must be supported by proof of past discrimination and have a “compelling” justification. alien Any person who is not a U.S. citizen. Brown v. Board of Education A Supreme Court decision in 1954 which overruled the doctrine of separate but equal by forbidding segregation in public education. The Court held that segregation produces a detrimental “feeling of inferiority” in African American children.
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Civil Rights Act of 1964 A federal law banning discrimination in public accommodations, voting, and employment. It also authorized the attorney general to bring suit to force the integration of public schools on behalf of citizens. *compensatory action A position favored by a majority of Americans that supports helping disadvantaged people catch up, usually by giving them extra education, training, or services. * de facto segregation A form of segregation which exists “in fact.” Such segregation occurs through housing patterns and informal social pressures, not through law.
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  • Spring '09
  • Lind
  • Supreme Court of the United States, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Brown v. Board of Education

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