terms_20 - CHAPTER 20 Foreign and Military Policy IMPORTANT...

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CHAPTER 20 Foreign and Military Policy IMPORTANT TERMS *anti-appeasement The worldview adopted by elites in the United States after the failure to avoid conflict with Adolf Hitler by granting ever-greater territorial concessions. This view, which supports the containment of aggressive world powers, was the policy followed by the United States to prevent expansion of the Soviet sphere of influence after World War II through a network of defensive alliances in Europe and Asia. Its adherents have welcomed the collapse of the iron curtain but remain wary of Soviet military power. See also containment. *Cold War A term that refers to the post-World War II struggle between the United States (and its allies) and the Soviet Union (and its allies). A cold war is distinguished from a hot or shooting war. *containment The policy proposed by George Kennan which advocated that the United States prevent Soviet expansion through counterforce and subsequently became the basis of the anti-appeasement worldview. See also anti-appeasement. *cost overruns A situation that applies to the purchase of big-ticket
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military hardware in which actual costs greatly exceed estimated costs. disengagement view The worldview adopted by elite in the United States as a result of the U.S. military defeat in Vietnam. Its advocates believe that the United States should avoid extending its military commitments overseas as the world’s police force. Critics refer to this as new isolationism. *domino theory
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course GOVT 32 taught by Professor Lind during the Spring '09 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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terms_20 - CHAPTER 20 Foreign and Military Policy IMPORTANT...

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