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ISS 315 - ISS315 13:59:00 Old:/ debate.Closedmind

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ISS 315 10/09/2009 13:59:00 A brief historiography of the study of the human past Origins of western science Renaissance 14th to 17th centr. Social movement in Europe Shift in intellectual thinking: Old: focused on the ideas of writers/thinks and resolving them through  debate. Closed mind looking internally New: question the arguments themselves through empiral questioning of  their substance and sources. More questioning. Also considered the beginning of the modern era Early modrern age, enlightenment, scientific revolutions, age of exploreation Speficif Origins (1543) Copernicus' on the revolutions of the celestial spheres (sun center of  universe) Versalius' on the fabric of the human body- circulatory system, nervious  system Why were they significant? Both looked at multiple lines  of evidence as a means of approaching the  topics. Used direct observactions of the phenomena they studied Challenged the assumption that al phenomena had specific natures as  derived from Aristotelian theory Aristotle Greek phiolospher (384-322BC) 2000 years
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Studies of the human past Prior to the renaissance, interest in history of human achievements in the  western world focused minaly on ancient Greece, rome and Egypt Focused mainly on the objects of beauty and ingenuity produced with little  interest in the common objects Turning point (1492) The age of exploration and speculation Discovery of the new world and a new ppl ( they were familiar with asia Africa  but not the new world!). Begins of questions concerning the human past Historical Development 4 periods o Speculative (1492-1840) o Classificatory descriptive (1840-1914) o Classificatory historical (1914-1960) o Modern 1960-present The speculative period is defined by questions regarding the antiquity and  nature of humanity. Human antiquity In Europe thie issue of the antiquity of humans was higly problematic Biblical history In 1636 the archbishope james usher of Ireland used the bible to date the  cration of the world to 4004bc The science of the bible
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What was understood" o Humans were created by god. There was nothing before us and we  have been in form as we always have been o This applied to animal species also Antiquarians (proto- archaeologists Interested in learning about and preserving the past Mianly obtained material objects to put into museums Often found materials that did not fit in with the biblical understanding of the  world Early fossil finds 1690: conyers finds a series of stone axes associated with an unknown 
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