Unit2migration[1] - MIGRATION...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style MIGRATION Where and Why People Move
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Movement n Mobility  ranging  from  local  to  global  and  daily to once a lifetime n Movement  is a good example of the spatial  process  (spatial  interaction;  diffusion;  distribution; patterns).
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What is   activity space ? n The great majority of people have a daily routine that takes them through a sequence of short moves that geographers call activity space . n America is the world’s most mobile society. n Technology has greatly expanded activity space, particularly in wealthier, more developed countries.
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Types of movement n Cyclic movement n Periodic movement n Migration
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Types of Movement n CYCLIC MOVEMENT:   movement that  has a closed route n Examples n Commuting: Home to work and  back home n Seasonal: “Sunbelt” States n Nomadism: Movement over  territory for survival repeated  time and again
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Types of Movement n PERIODIC  MOVEMENT:  movement  away from home for a longer period. n Examples n Migrant labor: moving across borders for work n Transhumance: moving livestock to pastures based  on season (rain, temperature) n Military service n  College attendance
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What is Migration? n Definition:    the long-term relocation of an individual,  household,  or  group  to  a  new location outside the community of origin; a purposeful  movement  involving  a  change of permanent residence
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n Why  do  people move ? n All migration is a combination  of push  and  pull
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What are  push factors  of migration? n Defined:    unfavorable characteristics of a locale that contribute to the dissatisfaction of its residents and impel their emigration n Examples:    widespread unemployment; poverty; discrimination; political unrest; war; famine and/or drought; land shortage; overpopulation
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What are  pull factors  of migration? n Defined:   characteristics of a locale  that  act  as  attractive forces,  drawing  migrants from other places n Examples:    employment  opportunities;  political and/or  personal  freedoms (speech;  religion,  right  to vote,  etc.);  land;  amenities (e.g. retirement) n Important  to  note:    Many
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Click to edit Master subtitle style Most people migrate for  economic  reasons. n  Search for better paying jobs n  To find new jobs/employment n  To escape poverty or low standards of      living
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Catalysts of Migration:    n Economic conditions n Poverty (push factors) n Perceived opportunities in  destinations (pull factors) n Technological advances n Modern transportation  makes migration easier
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Unit2migration[1] - MIGRATION...

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