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StudyGuide12 - AP Psychology Ch 12 Motivation Study Guide...

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AP Psychology Ch. 12 Motivation Study Guide Name: ______________________________ Period: _______ 1. Motivation is best understood as a state that: A) reduces a drive. B) aims at satisfying a biological need. C) energizes an organism to act. D) energizes and directs behavior. 2. One shortcoming of the instinct theory of motivation is that it: A) places too much emphasis on environmental factors. B) focuses only on cognitive aspects of motivation. C) applies only to animal behavior. D) does not explain human behaviors; it simply names them. 3. Few human behaviors are rigidly patterned enough to qualify as: A) needs. B) drives. C) instincts. D) incentives. 4. Instinct theory and drive-reduction theory both emphasize ________ factors in motivation. 5. Which of the following is not an example of homeostasis? Mr. Messner Page 1
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6. Which of the following is a difference between a drive and a need? 7. Homeostasis refers to: A) the tendency to maintain a steady internal state. B) the tendency to seek external incentives for behavior. C) the setting of the body's “weight thermostat.” D) a theory of the development of sexual orientation. 8. One problem with the idea of motivation as drive reduction is that: 9. Which of the following is inconsistent with the drive-reduction theory of motivation?
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