StudyGuide12 - AP Psychology Ch. 12 Motivation Study Guide...

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AP Psychology Ch. 12 Motivation Study Guide Name: ______________________________ Period: _______ 1. Motivation is best understood as a state that: A) reduces a drive. B) aims at satisfying a biological need. C) energizes an organism to act. D) energizes and directs behavior. 2. One shortcoming of the instinct theory of motivation is that it: A) places too much emphasis on environmental factors. B) focuses only on cognitive aspects of motivation. C) applies only to animal behavior. D) does not explain human behaviors; it simply names them. 3. Few human behaviors are rigidly patterned enough to qualify as: A) needs. B) drives. C) instincts. D) incentives. 4. Instinct theory and drive-reduction theory both emphasize ________ factors in motivation. A) environmental B) cognitive C) psychological D) social E) biological 5. Which of the following is not an example of homeostasis? A) perspiring in order to restore normal body temperature B) feeling hungry and eating to restore the level of blood glucose to normal C) feeling hungry at the sight of an appetizing food D) all of the above are examples of homeostasis Mr. Messner Page 1
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6. Which of the following is a difference between a drive and a need? A) Needs are learned; drives are inherited. B) Needs are physiological states; drives are psychological states. C) Drives are generally stronger than needs. D) Needs are generally stronger than drives. 7. Homeostasis refers to: A) the tendency to maintain a steady internal state. B) the tendency to seek external incentives for behavior. C) the setting of the body's “weight thermostat.” D) a theory of the development of sexual orientation. 8. One problem with the idea of motivation as drive reduction is that: A) because some motivated behaviors do not seem to be based on physiological needs, they cannot be explained in terms of drive reduction. B) it fails to explain any human motivation. C) it cannot account for homeostasis. D) it does not explain the hunger drive. 9. Which of the following is inconsistent with the drive-reduction theory of motivation? A) When body temperature drops below 98.6 ° Fahrenheit, blood vessels constrict to conserve warmth. B) A person is driven to seek a drink when his or her cellular water level drops below its optimum point. C) Monkeys will work puzzles even if not given a food reward. D) A person becomes hungry when body weight falls below its biological set point. E) None of the above is inconsistent. 10. Mary loves hang-gliding. It would be most difficult to explain Mary's behavior according to: A) incentives. B) achievement motivation. C) drive-reduction theory. D) Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
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AP Psychology Ch. 12 Motivation Study Guide 11. For two weeks, Orlando has been on a hunger strike in order to protest his country's involvement in what he perceives as an immoral war. Orlando's willingness to starve himself in order to make a political statement conflicts with the theory of motivation advanced by: A) Kinsey. B)
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2009 for the course CALC 071265836 taught by Professor Sorray during the Spring '09 term at Air Force Institute of Technology, Ohio.

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StudyGuide12 - AP Psychology Ch. 12 Motivation Study Guide...

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