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Test 2 Study guide - Exam#2 Study Sheet This exam covers...

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Exam #2 Study Sheet This exam covers Moore pp. 97-175; Miles pp. 94-240; Kung Ch. 3-4 Part 1 – The first portion of the exam will consist of multiple choice, true/false, matching, short answer questions based upon the following items. 50 points Terms Augustine: saying that perfection was impossible without grace because we are born sinners with a sinful heart and will. Humans are dependant on god’s grace. Pelagianism: theory named after pelagius. Opposed Augustine. belief that original sin did not taint human nature and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil . Pelagius taught that moral perfection was attainable in this life without the assistance of divine grace through human free will. Perfect Without god Donatism: Donatism was a heretical sect of early Christianity, founded by Donatus Magnus, which believed that sanctity was a requisite for church membership and administration of sacraments. Donatists lived primarily in Roman Africa The primary disagreement between Donatists and the rest of the early Christian Church was over the treatment of those who renounced their faith during the persecution under the Roman emperor Diocletian . They believed if a minister who was involved in a serious enough sin were to baptize a person, that baptism would be considered invalid. Claimed to be pure from anyone who had been a traitor. holding that the church must be a church of saints, not sinners, and that sacraments, such as baptism, administered by traditores were invalid. [2] Manichaeism: Taught that 2 kingdoms: one of light and one of darkness. thought their were particles from heaven and they wanted to free particles of heaven from material world. Perfecti were taught to abstain from intercourse. And not to kill any life (animals, trees). Augustine said that the Manichaeans were neurotically sensitive to the pain of living beings. Neo-Platonism: : the modern term for a school of religious and mystical philosophy based on the teachings of Plato and earlier Platonists . attempted to preserve the teachings of Plato. Pelagius “doctor of grace”: shocked with Augustine. Thought that it was the Christians responsibility to choose the good, to define her/himself and grow in Christianity commitment. As opposed to Augustine, said that grace was not hard to get from god, it was plentiful and the grace given in creation would enable Christians to come to Christian perfection. reform in church. taught that the evil ways of humans were due to socialization, culture and bad habits. was an ascetic who denied the doctrine of original sin . Later got the title “doctor of grace”.
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Donatists: followed donatism holding that the church must be a church of saints, not sinners, and that sacraments, such as baptism, administered by traditores (Christians who surrendered the Scriptures to the authorities who outlawed possession of them) were invalid. [2] Constantinople: site laid out by Constantine. Triangular peninsula on European shore.
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