APUSH Packet - First Colonies Friday,August25,2006 1:17PM...

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1578 Newfoundland – failed o Precedent: colonists would have all of the rights of Englishmen o Sir Humphrey Gilbert - 1587 Roanoke Island off the coast of present day North Carolina – failed o Sir Walter Raleigh - First English Attempts English in Virginia Joint-stock company o 3 ships with 104 men o "Deathtrap Colony" To find gold Jamestown – 1607 – malarial swamp o The Virginia Company of London - Primogenitor o Enclosure o Why Leave England? - Majority of settlers died of starvation, various diseases, hostile action by Indians. Losses replaced continuously by new settlers - Mercenary hired to look over Jamestown o “He who works not eats not” o Blown up o John Smith - Official husband of Pocahontas o Growing tobacco –major cash crop o Stole tobacco seeds from the Spanish o Jamestown had a start of an economy o John Rolfe - Representative assembly - House of Burgees ± Changes to attract more settlers - Owner pays for their passage ± Work for 3-7 ± At the end some land or some money "freedom dues" ± Forbidden to marry ± Only 1 in 10 outlived their indentured contracts ± Most were cheated ± Indentures servitude - First Colonies Friday, August 25, 2006 1:17 PM Notes Page 1
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For each person owner brings over he gets 50 acres ± Headright System - Large plantations (100+ acres) ± Widely spread apart (5+ miles) ± River Settlement Pattern - Notes Page 2
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First moved to Holland Left England because of religious persecution God predetermined who goes to heaven and hell ± "visible saints" ± Doctrine of the Elect Pilgrims ± Separated from the Church of England ± Agreement to start a democratic government Representative government Mayflower Compact ± Leader of the pilgrims William Bradford ± Eventually absorbed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony ± Separatists or Pilgrims (Plymouth 1620) English Calvinists - Massachusetts Bay Colony - Wanted to reform the Church of England ± Each town had its own congregation; "local" religion Fired ministers Congregationalists ± Brought all supplies with them, planning to stay ± Theocracy,, ± Puritans (Massachusetts Bay 1630) Leader / president of trading co. ± Knew that King would not let them leave for religious reasons ± Got a charter and took it with them Created a trading company (Massachusetts Bay Trading Colony) ± John Winthrop Pure democracy - every member of congregation could vote ± General Court ± Representative government About 20,000 Puritans came over later Hard work and save resources ± Puritan Work Ethic "Heathens," given opportunity to convert ± Killed many in the name of God ± Relations with Indians NO STAPLE CROP ± Subsistence farming ± Shipbuilding, lumber, fishing, trade ± Economy Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire - Religious Exile from England Monday, August 28, 2006 7:05 AM Notes Page 3
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Puritan minister in Massachusetts Bay, banished ± Politics corrupts, because religious leaders shouldn’t be corrupt
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APUSH Packet - First Colonies Friday,August25,2006 1:17PM...

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