APWH Notes Ch. 5 - Notes Chapter 5 P Politics I...

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Notes Chapter: 5 Shreya Maddireddy P Politics I Intellectual R Religion A Art and Architecture T Technology E Economics S Society Culture: The Republic of Rome (503-31 BCE) Council of Elders – sen.owned large tracts of land 1 st king – Romulus, last=(tyrannical) Tarquinius Superbus Brutus (the Liberator) overthrew him and est. res publica (public possession) =republic Not dem. . sovereign pwr- assemblies (male citizens) 2 conuls (fav. Job) presided over the sen. Center-roman sen.- advisory council to kings and rep. official, made policy and governed. Elite defense-bring pleb. Officials into elite Italian conquest- Apennines (pastoral) vs. farmers Wars against Carthage and other Hellenistic Civil wars were the end of the rep. Spoke latin Upper class women- under ctrl of paterfam in marriage too. Couldn’t own prop. or rep. herself Roman woman-after death of father= freedom. Influenced romans- educated and outspoken Conflict and orders - b/w elite (Patricians) and other pop. (plebians). Pleb. Refused to work/fight led to est. of laws on 12 stone tablets, check on judicial officials, creation on new officials (tribunes) fro lwer class (veto elite decisions) Sen-> gov when sent to ind. province Warfare-soldiers subdivided into units Caesar overtook cetic of Gaul and eventually the europe’s heartland Numina- invisible force Vesta-living energy of fire, lived in hearth Janus guarded door Penates-watched food Jupiter-god of sky. And mars-god of agri. Maintained pax deorum (peace of god) Greek invasion – led to change to greek gods Atrium – rect. Courtyard with a skylight and rainwater for drinking and bathing. It was surrounded by the dining room, interior garden, bath, and kitchen. Bedrooms on up level. Floors had pebble mosaics and walls had frescoes. Reg cities copied cap. They had the same poli org. (2 council members maintained law and order, Municiple arisocracy) and physical layout. It had a forum (an open plaza) gov. buildings, games, gardens, baths, and theaters. Soldier epuipment-body armor, shield, spear, sword Aqueducts – long elevated underground conduits. Arches allowed for great weights Concrete made of lime powder, sand, and water. Agriculture – basis of wealth Wheat staple food The latifudia owners began to make wine and graze herds Burgeoning cities and most of Italy became dependant on imp. Grain. POV-slave labor couldn’t fine work, went to city-no work This made up the extreme poverty class.-prone to riot. Decline of peasant farmers=less men who own min. amount of prop required for military Commerce influenced by pax romana (roman peace). It gauranteered roman might. Grain meat and
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2009 for the course SOCIAL STU 129348437 taught by Professor Phalange during the Spring '09 term at Aberystwyth University.

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APWH Notes Ch. 5 - Notes Chapter 5 P Politics I...

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