APWH Notes Ch. 10 - Notes Chapter 10 P Politics I...

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Notes Chapter: 10 Shreya Maddireddy P Politics I Intellectual R Religion A Art and Architecture T Technology E Economics S Society Culture: Tang Dynasty (618- 755) -Sui dynasty influenced Tang as Qin influenced Han - Li family gained power in 618 after Sui fell & created Tang Empire -the emperor Li Shimin extended power mostly W into Inner Asia -Tang Empire retained many Sui practices & avoided too much centralization by giving local leaders [noble, gentry, etc] authority -used Confucian system of examining candidates for bureaucratic offices based on Confucian texts -capital was Chang’an & it became a center of communication -cities had inns, restaurants, temples, mosques, etc. - An Lushan ]general in army] led a rebellion of 200,000 men that forced emperor to flee Chang’an & to cause execution of Yang Guifei [influential woman] & Lushan was killed by his son after the rebellion; caused more independence for local leaders -Mahayana Buddhism encouraged converting scripture into local languages -mariners excelled in compass design & construction of large ships [carried 2x Medit. ships] -Buddhism used as a political tool -protecting spirits were said to help rulers -Mahayana Buddhism was most common -Mahayana Buddhism allowed local gods & goddesses to be incorporated & made conversion more attractive -princes competing for political influence got monastic leaders to pray for them, contribute $, & get support of people; monasteries got tax exemption, land privileges, & gifts -Buddhism provided unity to Central and Inner Asians -most impressive sculptures are large pottery figurines of horses & camels on Silk Road -Central Asian & Islamic influence gave new motifs to paintings, ceramics, & silk design; clothing styles also changed: workers switched from robes to pants & cotton became main type of cloth -combined Chinese weapons [crossbow & armored infantrymen] w/ Inner Asian expertise in horsemanship & use of iron stirrups in war -well-maintained roads & water transport to capital -Sui built Grand Canal [1100 miles] to connect Yellow & Yangzi R -protected neighborhoods w/ brick walls & wooden gates -Grand Canal so important it had its own army patrols, boat design, canal towns & maintenance budget b/c it contributed to economic & cultural development -Buddhism spread by economical dealings w/ visitors from Japan, Vietnam, etc. -Chang’an became center of tributary system , a system in which independent countries recognized Chinese emperor’s superiority & sent people to pay tribute -various stringed instruments reached China from Silk Road -imported grape wine, tea, sugar, & spices -more imports from territories than from Europe, W Asia, & S Asia by 1000 -metals came into China in exchange for other goods -China had best silks & was only supplier for porcelain [fine ceramic made from special clay] to W Asia -economies of seaports & trade cities became more commercialized -descendants of Turks who lived in N China & Chinese who settled there -appreciated Turkic culture of Inner Asia
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2009 for the course SOCIAL STU 129348437 taught by Professor Phalange during the Spring '09 term at Aberystwyth University.

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APWH Notes Ch. 10 - Notes Chapter 10 P Politics I...

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