APWH Notes Ch. 16 - NotesChapter:_16_ T E Artand Technol...

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Notes Chapter: ____16 ____ P Politics I Intellectual R Religion A Art and  Architectu re T Technol ogy E Economics S Society Culture and  Ideas   Renaissance -French scholar   Le Roy  believed 3  most important tech. innovations were  printing, marine compass & firearms -best new church was St. Peter’s  Basilica in Rome -Luther used printing press to share his  Germans - Aristotle  was best for physics; 4 basic  elements [earth, air, fire, water] -people attached special significance  to spheres & circle -Scientific Revolution  showed that  universe could be explained by natural  causes - Nicholas Copernicus  discovered that  if the sun were considered the center  of the universe instead of Earth then #  of spheres needed to make orbit of  planets would be reduced - showed that orbit of planets was  elliptical & not circular - Galileo  saw w/ his telescope that  their own moons -in England,  Robert Boyle  studied  Royal  Society [chartered in London in 1662 to  promote learning of natural world] to  oppose Aristotelians - Isaac Newton  was finishing Galileo’s  which all physical objects followed -influences of Enlightenment:   - papacy  [government of Latin  suffering from corruption in 1500 -financer for Basilica was  Pope Leo  X  [of Medici Family] -young professor of sacred scripture  [ Martin Luther ]:a German: objected  to way indulgences were used -Pope Leo regarded a letter by  Luther as a challenging papal power  and condemned Luther -Luther burned the papal bull [doc] of  Protestant Reformation -Luther accused “Romanists”  [Catholics] of relying on Pope’s word  married a former nun -other religious reformers included  John Calvin  who said that salvation  was given only to predetermined  synods  [councils] to regulate  doctrine issues -Catholics also had reforms @  council that met at Trent in Italy  which separated Catholic doctrine  from Protestant “errors” [ Catholic  Reformation ]-also helping  reformation were activities of new  religious order: society of Jesus  [Jesuits ] founded by   Ignatius of  Loyola  [Spanish] -Protestants condemned heliocentric   -Calvin  published  The  Institutes of  Christian  Religion , a  synthesis of  Christian ideas -Galileo Galilei  published 
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This note was uploaded on 12/15/2009 for the course SOCIAL STU 129348437 taught by Professor Phalange during the Spring '09 term at Aberystwyth University.

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APWH Notes Ch. 16 - NotesChapter:_16_ T E Artand Technol...

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